Provenance

Provenance

Central to the consideration of the Benin objects currently dispersed across at least 136 institutions is the question of their ties to the British colonial military campaign on Benin City, or the ‘punitive expedition’ of 1897, led by British Navy forces and members of the Niger Coast Protectorate, which caused the wide-scale looting of the royal palace and the city.Read more
Showing (956/956 Names)
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897
1377
Objects
DealerDonor
881
Objects
DealerTrading company
280
Objects
DealerCollector
257
Objects
Patron
229
Objects
Anthropologist
209
Objects
Collector
205
Objects
CollectorAnthropologist
204
Objects
Auction House
199
Objects
AnthropologistCollected in the fieldColonial administrator
197
Objects
DealerTrader
173
Objects
Government agency
169
Objects
AnthropologistCollector
158
Objects
Colonial administratorCollector
122
Objects
CollectorDealerDonorBuyer at auction
118
Objects
IntermediaryDealer
96
Objects
DealerCollector
90
Objects
EthnographerCuratorIntermediary
88
Objects
DealerCollector
88
Objects
Auction House
80
Objects
Patron
73
Objects
Collector
72
Objects
Member of the Royal Court of Benin
71
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897SoldierCollected in the field
70
Objects
Foundation
65
Objects
Dealer
65
Objects
DealerCompany
65
Objects
EthnographerAnthropologistArchaeologistCuratorDonor
61
Objects
SoldierMember of the Royal NavyMember of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Collected in the field
60
Objects
ArchaeologistSoldierCollector
57
Objects
PatronFoundation
53
Objects
DiplomatColonial administratorCollectorDealer
51
Objects
EthnographerCollected in the fieldAnthropologist
48
Objects
CollectorColonial administratorCollected in the field
47
Objects
Curator
45
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Collected in the fieldMember of the Niger Coast Protectorate Force (NCPF)
44
Objects
CuratorCollectorFamily member of a participant in the British expedition on Benin
40
Objects
TraderDealer
40
Objects
40
Objects
Trading company
40
Objects
Foundation
39
Objects
ArchaeologistDonor
37
Objects
CuratorEthnographerCollectorAnthropologist
36
Objects
Museum
34
Objects
Museum
32
Objects
CollectorDealer
31
Objects
Donor
30
Objects
Dealer
30
Objects
Auction House
30
Objects
CollectorDealer
29
Objects
DealerGalleryCollectorBuyer at auction
28
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Member of the Niger Coast Protectorate Force (NCPF)Collected in the fieldColonial administrator
28
Objects
27
Objects
EthnographerExplorerCollected in the field
27
Objects
Donor
27
Objects
DealerGallery
27
Objects
Auction House
26
Objects
Archaeologist
26
Objects
Dealer
25
Objects
Dealer
25
Objects
EthnographerCollectorCollected in the fieldExplorer
23
Objects
SoldierMember of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Collected in the field
23
Objects
Collector
22
Objects
DealerIntermediary
22
Objects
Auction House
22
Objects
CollectorDealer
21
Objects
Government agency
21
Objects
Collected in the field
20
Objects
Collector
20
Objects
Gallery
20
Objects
CollectorDealer
20
Objects
AnthropologistArchaeologistDonor
20
Objects
DealerCollectorIntermediary
19
Objects
Collector
18
Objects
Auction House
18
Objects
Gallery
18
Objects
Dealer
18
Objects
DealerCollectorGalleryBuyer at auction
17
Objects
Dealer
17
Objects
Gallery
17
Objects
Gallery
17
Objects
DealerGallery
17
Objects
Collected in the fieldMember of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897SoldierConsignor to auction
17
Objects
Gallery
16
Objects
CollectorDonor
16
Objects
Member of the Royal NavyFamily member of a participant in the British expedition on Benin
16
Objects
Private collection
15
Objects
DealerTrader
15
Objects
CollectorCollected in the fieldDealer
14
Objects
CollectorDonor
14
Objects
Intermediary
13
Objects
TraderDonor
13
Objects
Collected in the fieldCollectorColonial administrator
13
Objects
CollectorDealer
12
Objects
Museum
12
Objects
Curator
12
Objects
Auction House
12
Objects
Collected in the fieldColonial administrator
11
Objects
Donor
11
Objects
Dealer
11
Objects
CollectorDealer
11
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Member of the Royal Navy
11
Objects
Archaeologist
11
Objects
Family member of a participant in the British expedition on Benin
11
Objects
AnthropologistCollector
10
Objects
Journalist
10
Objects
DealerGallery
10
Objects
Gallery
10
Objects
Dealer
9
Objects
Collector
9
Objects
Donor
9
Objects
DealerBuyer at auction
9
Objects
Trader
9
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897
9
Objects
9
Objects
DonorFamily member of a participant in the British expedition on Benin
9
Objects
Family member of a participant in the British expedition on Benin
9
Objects
Auction HouseGallery
9
Objects
AnthropologistCuratorIntermediaryEthnographer
8
Objects
Private collectionCompany
8
Objects
Dealer
8
Objects
CollectorPatron
8
Objects
Collected in the fieldMember of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897TraderCollector
8
Objects
Government agencyMuseum
8
Objects
Shipping agentIntermediary
8
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Colonial administratorCollected in the field
8
Objects
CollectorDonor
8
Objects
Donor
8
Objects
SoldierCollectorColonial administratorDonorMember of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897
8
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Member of the Royal NavyCollected in the field
8
Objects
SoldierMember of the Royal NavyCollected in the field
8
Objects
Shipping company
8
Objects
Patron
7
Objects
CollectorDonor
7
Objects
DonorIntermediaryCollected in the field
7
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Member of the Royal NavyCollected in the field
7
Objects
Dealer
7
Objects
CollectorPatron
7
Objects
Dealer
7
Objects
7
Objects
Donor
7
Objects
Auction House
7
Objects
Dealer
7
Objects
7
Objects
ArchaeologistCuratorDonor
7
Objects
Dealer
7
Objects
Dealer
7
Objects
CollectorDonor
7
Objects
Collector
7
Objects
DealerGalleryCollectorBuyer at auction
6
Objects
DealerCollected in the field
6
Objects
DealerGallery
6
Objects
NaturalistCollector
6
Objects
Dealer
6
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Collected in the fieldMember of the Niger Coast Protectorate Force (NCPF)Soldier
6
Objects
Ethnographer
6
Objects
Dealer
6
Objects
Trading company
6
Objects
CollectorPatron
6
Objects
Gallery
6
Objects
Family member of a participant in the British expedition on Benin
6
Objects
Dealer
6
Objects
BotanistExplorerIntermediary
6
Objects
CollectorCuratorDonor
6
Objects
Artist
6
Objects
Collector
6
Objects
DealerCollector
6
Objects
Collector
6
Objects
Government agency
6
Objects
PatronCompany
6
Objects
Collector
5
Objects
DealerCollector
5
Objects
Collector
5
Objects
Collector
5
Objects
Foundation
5
Objects
CollectorCuratorDealerPatron
5
Objects
DealerGalleryIntermediary
5
Objects
Collector
5
Objects
Curator
5
Objects
CollectorCuratorDonorArchaeologist
5
Objects
Collector
5
Objects
Family member of a participant in the British expedition on Benin
5
Objects
GalleryBuyer at auction
5
Objects
5
Objects
Donor
5
Objects
CollectorDealer
5
Objects
CollectorDonor
5
Objects
5
Objects
Collected in the fieldMember of the Royal Navy
5
Objects
CollectorPatron
5
Objects
Patron
4
Objects
4
Objects
Trader
4
Objects
Dealer
4
Objects
Gallery
4
Objects
CollectorAnthropologistEthnographer
4
Objects
Dealer
4
Objects
PatronDonor
4
Objects
ArchaeologistCuratorIntermediary
4
Objects
Curator
4
Objects
DealerIntermediary
4
Objects
4
Objects
Collector
4
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897SoldierCollected in the field
4
Objects
CollectorDealer
4
Objects
Collector
4
Objects
Dealer
4
Objects
Gallery
4
Objects
Collector
4
Objects
Dealer
4
Objects
CollectorCollected in the field
4
Objects
Archaeologist
4
Objects
CollectorDonor
4
Objects
DealerTrader
4
Objects
CollectorDonor
4
Objects
DealerCollectorCollected in the field
4
Objects
Gallery
4
Objects
Collected in the fieldSoldier
4
Objects
Collected in the fieldMember of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897SoldierMember of the Niger Coast Protectorate Force (NCPF)
4
Objects
Government agency
4
Objects
DealerBuyer at auction
4
Objects
Dealer
4
Objects
CollectorDonor
3
Objects
FoundationPatron
3
Objects
DealerCollector
3
Objects
Art historianEthnographerCollected in the field
3
Objects
Collector
3
Objects
Trader
3
Objects
FoundationPatron
3
Objects
CollectorDonor
3
Objects
Art historianCollector
3
Objects
CollectorPatron
3
Objects
Auction House
3
Objects
Member of the Royal Court of Benin
3
Objects
CuratorCollector
3
Objects
Dealer
3
Objects
TraderDealer
3
Objects
DealerTrader
3
Objects
Dealer
3
Objects
CollectorMissionaryCollected in the field
3
Objects
CollectorCurator
3
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Member of the Niger Coast Protectorate Force (NCPF)Member of the Phillips Mission on Benin, January 1897
3
Objects
Dealer
3
Objects
Dealer
3
Objects
CollectorSoldier
3
Objects
Donor
3
Objects
Colonial administratorCollector
3
Objects
Donor
3
Objects
Art historian
3
Objects
SoldierMember of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Collected in the fieldMember of the Niger Coast Protectorate Force (NCPF)
3
Objects
DealerCollector
3
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Colonial administratorCollected in the fieldSoldierMember of the Niger Coast Protectorate Force (NCPF)
3
Objects
Collector
3
Objects
CollectorColonial administratorCollected in the field
3
Objects
Gallery
3
Objects
DealerGallery
3
Objects
Gallery
3
Objects
Dealer
3
Objects
EthnographerCurator
3
Objects
Government agency
3
Objects
CuratorCollector
3
Objects
Family member of a participant in the British expedition on Benin
3
Objects
3
Objects
CollectorDonor
3
Objects
CollectorDonor
3
Objects
Member of the Royal NavyMember of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Collected in the field
3
Objects
Colonial administratorCollectorDonorCollected in the field
3
Objects
3
Objects
3
Objects
Dealer
3
Objects
Curator
3
Objects
Gallery
3
Objects
Curator
3
Objects
Donor
2
Objects
CollectorDealer
2
Objects
DealerIntermediary
2
Objects
DonorCuratorAnthropologist
2
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Collected in the field
2
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897SoldierCollected in the field
2
Objects
Member of the Royal NavyMember of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Collected in the field
2
Objects
Dealer
2
Objects
CollectorPatron
2
Objects
Collector
2
Objects
DealerTrader
2
Objects
CollectorDonor
2
Objects
AnthropologistCollectorColonial administratorCollected in the fieldBotanist
2
Objects
2
Objects
Collector
2
Objects
DonorCollector
2
Objects
Dealer
2
Objects
CollectorDonor
2
Objects
Dealer
2
Objects
Ethnographer
2
Objects
CollectorDonor
2
Objects
Dealer
2
Objects
Naturalist
2
Objects
2
Objects
ExplorerEthnographerCollector
2
Objects
CollectorDonor
2
Objects
Auction House
2
Objects
Gallery
2
Objects
Dealer
2
Objects
CollectorPatron
2
Objects
Anthropologist
2
Objects
2
Objects
Gallery
2
Objects
Member of the Royal Court of Benin
2
Objects
2
Objects
Collector
2
Objects
CollectorCurator
2
Objects
Art historianCollectorDonorEthnographer
2
Objects
Collector
2
Objects
CollectorDonor
2
Objects
Dealer
2
Objects
2
Objects
2
Objects
CollectorDonor
2
Objects
Jewelry designer
2
Objects
DonorCollected in the field
2
Objects
Colonial administrator
2
Objects
EthnographerCurator
2
Objects
Collector
2
Objects
Dealer
2
Objects
CollectorDealer
2
Objects
DonorCollector
2
Objects
Anthropologist
2
Objects
Foundation
2
Objects
Trader
2
Objects
DealerDonor
2
Objects
ExplorerColonial administrator
2
Objects
FoundationPatron
2
Objects
Donor
2
Objects
AnthropologistColonial administrator
2
Objects
Foundation
2
Objects
Foundation
2
Objects
2
Objects
DealerCollectorGallery
2
Objects
Dealer
2
Objects
CollectorDonor
2
Objects
AnthropologistEthnographerDonor
2
Objects
Photographer
2
Objects
CollectorDealer
2
Objects
Dealer
2
Objects
Gallery
2
Objects
DonorCollector
2
Objects
Gallery
2
Objects
Gallery
2
Objects
CollectorDonor
2
Objects
DonorFoundation
2
Objects
CollectorDonor
2
Objects
2
Objects
Dealer
2
Objects
2
Objects
Collector
2
Objects
Dealer
2
Objects
CollectorDonor
2
Objects
Collector
2
Objects
Donor
2
Objects
2
Objects
CollectorPatronDonor
2
Objects
DealerCollector
2
Objects
CollectorDonor
2
Objects
Collector
2
Objects
Dealer
2
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Member of the Royal Navy
2
Objects
PatronCollector
2
Objects
2
Objects
Gallery
2
Objects
EthnographerIntermediary
2
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Private collection
1
Objects
Collected in the field
1
Objects
CollectorPatronDonor
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
CollectorDealer
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Gallery
1
Objects
CollectorPatronDonor
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
CollectorDonorColonial administrator
1
Objects
DealerGallery
1
Objects
Foundation
1
Objects
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
DonorDealer
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
MissionaryCollectorCollected in the field
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
Private collection
1
Objects
Art historian
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
DonorCollector
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
DonorCollectorCurator
1
Objects
1
Objects
Patron
1
Objects
Patron
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
1
Objects
1
Objects
1
Objects
CompanyDealer
1
Objects
DealerCollectorGallery
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
CollectorDealer
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Soldier
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Journalist
1
Objects
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
DealerCollectorPatron
1
Objects
Auction House
1
Objects
CollectorSoldier
1
Objects
Collected in the fieldMember of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Member of the Royal Navy
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
DonorCollector
1
Objects
1
Objects
Gallery
1
Objects
AnthropologistCollectorPatron
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Collected in the fieldSoldierMember of the Niger Coast Protectorate Force (NCPF)
1
Objects
DonorFamily member of a participant in the British expedition on Benin
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Patron
1
Objects
DonorCollector
1
Objects
FoundationPatron
1
Objects
Foundation
1
Objects
Ethnographer
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
1
Objects
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Gallery
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897SoldierMember of the Niger Coast Protectorate Force (NCPF)
1
Objects
Patron
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
PatronCollectorDonor
1
Objects
Gallery
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
1
Objects
Patron
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
SoldierCollected in the fieldMember of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
CollectorDealer
1
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Collected in the fieldMember of the Royal Navy
1
Objects
1
Objects
AnthropologistColonial administratorDonor
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
AnthropologistEthnographerCuratorCollector
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
Member of the Royal Court of Benin
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
DiplomatCollector
1
Objects
1
Objects
AnthropologistArchaeologistDonor
1
Objects
Member of the Royal NavyMember of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Collected in the field
1
Objects
Auction House
1
Objects
FoundationPatron
1
Objects
FoundationPatron
1
Objects
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
DealerCollector
1
Objects
Art historianCollector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Gallery
1
Objects
CollectorDealerPatron
1
Objects
CollectorDealerPatron
1
Objects
1
Objects
CollectorSoldier
1
Objects
Folklorist
1
Objects
1
Objects
Colonial administratorCollectorDonor
1
Objects
CollectorPatronDonor
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
DealerCollector
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
Soldier
1
Objects
TraderCollected in the field
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
DealerCollector
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
ExplorerSoldierColonial administratorDonorCollector
1
Objects
ArchaeologistAnthropologist
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
1
Objects
1
Objects
Intermediary
1
Objects
Patron
1
Objects
FoundationPatron
1
Objects
CollectorDealerGallery
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
PatronFoundation
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
SoldierColonial administrator
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
MissionaryCollected in the field
1
Objects
Private collection
1
Objects
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
1
Objects
Colonial administratorDonor
1
Objects
1
Objects
DealerCollector
1
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Member of the Royal NavyCollected in the field
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
DealerCollectorGallery
1
Objects
1
Objects
DonorAnthropologist
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
Colonial administrator
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Private collection
1
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897SoldierCollected in the fieldMember of the Royal Navy
1
Objects
Gallery
1
Objects
FoundationPatron
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Member of the Royal Court of Benin
1
Objects
Colonial administratorCollector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Ethnographer
1
Objects
Museum
1
Objects
1
Objects
1
Objects
Artist
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Intermediary
1
Objects
Colonial administratorAnthropologistDonor
1
Objects
Family member of a participant in the British expedition on Benin
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
DonorBotanist
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
Patron
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
1
Objects
1
Objects
Trading company
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
1
Objects
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Member of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897
1
Objects
1
Objects
DealerCollectorDiplomat
1
Objects
Intermediary
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
DealerCollector
1
Objects
Colonial administratorCollectorDonorCollected in the field
1
Objects
ArchaeologistCurator
1
Objects
Gallery
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Member of the Royal NavyMember of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Collected in the field
1
Objects
Collected in the field
1
Objects
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
TraderDealer
1
Objects
Trader
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Gallery
1
Objects
Gallery
1
Objects
Gallery
1
Objects
Gallery
1
Objects
Gallery
1
Objects
Gallery
1
Objects
Family member of a participant in the British expedition on Benin
1
Objects
Soldier
1
Objects
PatronCuratorCollector
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
1
Objects
Patron
1
Objects
PatronCollectorDonor
1
Objects
1
Objects
Patron
1
Objects
1
Objects
ArchaeologistCollector
1
Objects
Private collection
1
Objects
DonorMember of the Royal Court of BeninIntermediary
1
Objects
Member of the Royal Court of Benin
1
Objects
ArchaeologistArt historian
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
ArtistMember of the Royal Court of Benin
1
Objects
Foundation
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Colonial administratorCollected in the field
1
Objects
1
Objects
DonorCollector
1
Objects
Shipping company
1
Objects
1
Objects
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
FoundationPatron
1
Objects
Member of the Royal Court of Benin
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Gallery
1
Objects
FoundationPatron
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
1
Objects
CollectorCollected in the fieldDonor
1
Objects
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
Intermediary
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Colonial administrator
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
1
Objects
Gallery
1
Objects
CollectorDealer
1
Objects
Shipping agent
1
Objects
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
ArchaeologistCurator
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
Private collection
1
Objects
Member of the Royal NavyMember of the British Colonial Military Campaign on Benin, February 1897Collected in the field
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
Archaeologist
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Member of the Royal Court of Benin
1
Objects
CollectorDealer
1
Objects
SoldierExplorer
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
CuratorCollector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Auction House
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Art historian
1
Objects
Patron
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
CollectorDonor
1
Objects
CollectorDealer
1
Objects
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
CuratorAnthropologistCollector
1
Objects
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
DealerCollected in the fieldCollector
1
Objects
Diplomat
1
Objects
DonorCollector
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
FoundationPatron
1
Objects
Colonial administratorSoldierCollected in the field
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
FoundationPatron
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
Collector
1
Objects
DealerIntermediary
1
Objects
CollectorPatron
1
Objects
Member of the Royal Court of Benin
1
Objects
Artist
1
Objects
Donor
1
Objects
Dealer
1
Objects
Member of the Royal Court of Benin
1
Objects