De luipaard wordt als de koning van het woud gezien, zoals de Oba de koning van het land is. Hij wordt geassocieerd met moed, kracht, woestheid en snelheid. Daarom bekleden vooral krijgers zich graag met de huid of tanden van dit dier om vijanden af te sc
Materiaal en techniek (NB: ook thesaurustermen aanpassen!)Material
'The day book entry of 29 April 1901 acknowledges the arrival of 10 Benin objects (RV-1286-1 to -10) that were bought from J.F.G. Umlauff in Hamburg.[...] Later that year on 3 July 1901 Umlauff sold 7 objects (RV-1310-1 to -7) to the museum.'
'On 7 June 1901 Umlauff sent an offer of Benin artworks (RV-1310-1 to -7). The offer was accepted on 19 June and the objects were shipped on 4 July 1901 (CL-L: NL-LdnRMV-A1-277-1/282 ). Finally, ‘Bought from J.F.G. Umlauff in Hamburg. 7 Benin bronzes’ became part of the collection. The museum register lists the objects together with ‘old numbers’ which are likely to have been Umlauff’s own numbering system (MR-L: NL-LdnRMV-A3-048-15).' (See also in this record 'andere nummers').
'As with the acquisition of the Webster collection, Schmeltz again needed to secure funds. He first accepted the objects as a loan before acquiring them officially. The annual report documents the acquired series in detail and includes the names of all the donors for the acquisition (AR-L 1900-1901: 15). The annual report of the following year confirms the earlier statement saying that ‘The collections from the Kingdom of Benin were expanded in the much-desired way, first of all through a gift, for which we owe thanks to an anonymous benefactor, for objects that were up till now on loan to the Museum.’ The objects range across the three Umlauff series (RV-1286, RV-1310, RV-1355).'
(Excerpt based on Provenance no. 2 'The Benin Collections at the National Museum of World Cultures, written by Rosalie Hans with Annette Schmidt, 13-01-2021).
1990 De geschiedenis van de Leidse Benin-verzameling. In: A. Duchâteau, Benin: vroege hofkunst uit Afrika. Brussel: 165.
Marquart, J., 'Die Benin-Sammlung des Reichsmuseums für Völkerkunde in Leiden'. Veroffentlichungen des Reichsmuseums für Völkerkunde in Leiden. Serie II nr. 7. Leiden: Brill, 1913.